Marker Categories

These are the marker categories appearing in Computer Recognition of English Word Senses by Edward Kelly and Philip Stone, pages 17-21.

A few of these categories were not actually used (or used only once or twice) and have been dropped from the Inquirer's Master Dictionary.

For further information as to the origins of these categories, click here.

 

SYNTACTIC MARKERS

I Determiners

(DET)

All of subcategories listed below:

A. Articles

(ART)

a, an, the
B. Demonstratives

(DEM)

Two subcategories:

(DEM1)

this, these

(DEM2)

that, those
C. Genitives

(GEN)

my, our, your, his, her, their, its, whose

D. Numbers

(NUMB)

Two subcategories:

cardinals

(CARD)

one, two, three, 35, 1968
ordinals

(ORD)

first, second, 3rd ... next, last
E. Prearticle

(PRE)

Two subcategories:

1 count

(PREl)

both, each, either, another, few, fewer, many, several, neither, every
2.mixed

(PRE2)

all, any, some , enough, half, no

II. Prepositions

(PREP)

in, at, over, around, about, through, to, from, with, out, toward, down, up...

III. Pronouns

(PRON)

Two subcategories:

A. Personal definite

(DEF)

Four subcategories:

1. nominatives

(DEFl)

he, she, we, you, I, they, who
2. objectives

(DEF2)

him, her, us, you, them, whom
3. reflexives

(DEF3)

myself, herself, themselves, itself
4. other

(DEF4)

one, someone anyone, somebody, everybody, etc.
B. Impersonal/ indefinite

(INDEF)

it, everyone, anything, something, nothing, none, all,

IV. Position Tests.

A.First word of sentence

(B)

B.Last word

(E)

V. Punctuation (Includes the following:)

(PUNC)

A. Period

(PER)

B. Dash

(DASH)

C. Question mark

(Q)

D. Comma (and single parentheses)

(COMMA)

E. Quote marks

(QUOTE)

F. Capital letter in isolation

(CAP)

VI. Conjunction

(CONJ)

Two subcategories:

A. Sentential

(CONJ1)

and, but,
B.Clausal

(CONJ2)

then, that, because, if, when, since, as, so, etc.

VII. Interrogatives

(INT)

wh-words -when, why, who, what, where, how

VIII Endings

A. Root word-- no inflections

(ROOT)

The word as it occurs in the root form.

B. "ing" ending

(ING)

All words ending in "ing" except king, wing, ring, etc.

C. "ed" endings

(ED)

All words ending in "ED" plus irregulars

D. "s" endings

(S)

All words ending in "s"; plus irregulars

E. "ly" ending

(LY)

Words ending in "ly"; plus irregulars

F. "er" ending

(ER)

Words ending in "er"; plus irregulars (comparative, not agentive)

G."est" ending

(EST)

Words ending in "est"; plus irregulars

H. Other suffix assignments:

-'ve

(HAV) (VERB (SUPV)

-s'

(GEN) (DET) (S')

-'s

(GEN) (DET) ('S) (BE) (VERB) (SUPV)

-'re

(BE) (VERB) (SUPV)

-'ll

(MOD) (VERB) (SUPV)

-n't

(NEG) (LY)

-'d

(MOD) (HAV) (VERB) (SUPV)

IX. Special Verbs and Verb Elements

(VERB)

Nine subcategories:

A. Being verbs

(BE)

be, being, is, was, -re...

B. Linking verbs

(LINK)

seem, feel, look, sound, remain...

C. Becoming verbs

(VB)

become, get, turn into, grow...

D. Have

(HAV)

have, has, had, having, 've...

E. Modals

(MOD)

can, may, shall, will, must -'ll...

F. Go verbs

(GO)

go, goes, going, gone, went...

G. Do verbs

(DO)

do, did, does

H. To

(TO)

"to" as an infinitive

I. Negatives

(NEG)

not, -n't, never

X. Superverb

(SUPV)

any verb, including special verbs

SEMANTIC MARKERS

I. Animate

(ANI)

non-human creatures-- dog, cow, etc.

II. Human (Three subcategories:)

(HU)

human nouns-- officer, man, teacher, parent, etc.

A. Male

(MALE)

male humans

B. Female

(FEM)

female humans [note: not used to disambiguate, so only "Female" tag category is maintained].

C. Kinship

(KIN)

brother, sister, uncle, etc.

III. Collective

(COLL)

collective animate groups and organizations-- mob, crowd, group, army, etc.

IV. Abstract noun (Three subcategories:)

(ABS)

A. Abstract

(ABS1)

liberty, truth, honesty-abstract concepts, '-isms', and Iness.' No physical objects such as chair, table, clock, etc.

B. Time

(TIME)

morning, o'clock, day, hour, etc.

C. Distance

(DIST)

mile, yard, foot, etc.

V. Social Place

(PLACE)

house, factory, yard, street; this includes non-specific places such as the above, but not geographical locations such as Chicago, Africa, etc.

VI. Body part

(BODY)

head, heart, leg, liver, etc.

VII. Political

(POLIT)

government, delegate, legislative, etc.

VIII. Economic

(ECON)

spending, budget, fiscal, deficit, etc.

IX. Color

(COLOR)

red, blue, green, yellow, etc

X. Communication

(COM)

newspaper, message, book, phone, speech, print, pencil etc. Any device used for communicative purpose

XI. Emotions

(EMOT)

anger, fury, distress, happy, etc.

XII. Frequency

(FREQ)

occasional, seldom, often, etc.

XIII. Evaluative Adjective

(EVAL)

good, bad, beautiful, hard, easy, etc.

XIV. Dimensionality Adjective

(DIM)

big, little, short, long, tall, etc.

XV. Position Adjective

(POS)

low, lower, upper, high, middle, first, fourth (ordinal numbers) etc.

XVI. Degree Adverbs

(DEG)

very, extremely, too, rather, somewhat...

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