Pine: the E-mail Program for your Unix Account
PINE is the electronic mail program recommended by HASCS (and us!) for both new and more experienced users. It features detailed on-line help and is more intuitive than other e-mail programs available.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW TO GET STARTED.Once you have logged in, you will see C$. At the prompt, type pine. This will bring you to the Main Menu. To read new mail, type i for INBOX. The basic commands for Pine are listed at the bottom of your screen. The ^ (caret) character indicates that you hold down the control key while hitting the appropriate letter key. When you're in the Main Menu, you don't need to hold down the control key, you can just type the letter.
Composing messages and ReplyingTo compose a message, hit C. In the To: line, type the complete e-mail address of the person you're sending to. If you're sending a message to someone with a wjh account, you can just type their username and Pine will default their address to email@example.com.
To send the message to multiple people, just type username@address, username@address, username@address in the To: line. To send a copy of the message to someone, type their username@address in the Cc: line.
If you are in the middle of writing a message and wish to continue it later, hit control-O. This will postpone your message. When you want to resume writing, just type C for compose, and Pine will prompt "Continue postponed message?" Type Y to continue. (If you type N, your message will just be postponed again.)
If someone has sent you a message and you wish to respond, you can type R and you can reply directly without having to type their e-mail address and subject heading again. Pine will prompt you "Include original message in reply?" If you want to include the message you have just received in the message you send back, type Y for Yes; if not, N. Pine will then prompt, "Reply to all recipients?" If you type Y, this message will be sent to everyone whose name appears in the To: and Cc: lines. If you type N, it will only be sent to the person who sent the original message.
Saving messages to foldersIt is strongly recommended that you save your message to folders instead of just leaving them in the INBOX because this will help speed up your connection. After you read a message, hit S to save it to a folder. Pine will prompt "Save to folder: [saved-messages]?" This means it will automatically save into a folder called "saved-messages" unless you specify another. For example, if you receive a message from William James Hall Computer Services, you may want to save it in a folder called wjhcs. You would type wjhcs and hit return. If this is the first time saving in this folder, Pine will say "wjhcs folder does not exist. Create?" Type Y and Pine will create the folder, put your message in it, and delete the message from the INBOX.
Accessing mail in saved foldersFrom the Main Menu, type L. This will bring you to the folder list, which will say, [Select Here to see Expanded List]. This will show you all of your folders. Use the arrow keys to navigate to the folder you want, and hit return to see the mail in these folders.
Setting up your addressbook:This is really convenient if there are people you correspond with often, or who have really long and awkward e-mail addresses. From the Main Menu, type A to get the addressbook screen. From there, type A to add a person to your list. Pine will prompt you for their "last name, first name," a "nickname, one word and easy to remember," and their full e-mail address. Now you can just type the person's nickname in the To: line and Pine will provide the whole e-mail address.
Printing email messagesFrom the main menu, type S for Set-up. Pine will then prompt you to "Choose a setup task from the menu below."
P allows you to change the printer set-up. There are 3 options in this menu:
1. If you are using a personal printer which is physically attached to your computer, you want option 1. (the "attached-to-ansi" option) 2. If you are printing to a networked printer (one where you have to log onto wjh to print), you will want Option 2, (the "lp" option) which will route your print job to one of the networked printers.Then type E for Exit Config. Type y if you'd like to save your changes. Or type n if you've changed your mind. By saving these options, you have designated the default printer option you would like to use. You do not need to do all of the above every time you want to print (unless you're changing types of printers every time).
Now you can go to the message you wish to print, Type Y for "prYnt". Pine asks you to confirm that you wish to print. Hit Y and your message will be printed. (You need to log into the printer to print from Pine.)
For more details on this, see Advanced Commands in Pine
William James Hall Computer Services
Last modified Mar 20, 1998, 15:11:34 EST